Tag: Tobruk

Libya: “Why the Gaddafi loyalists are back” – MEE

The situation in Libya is so chaotic that the “libyanisation” neologism is currently imposing itself. It has become a fatal combination of balkanisation – the division of a state into autonomous districts – and somalisation – the failing of a government in favour of militia groups.

Currently, the country has three governments. During the last five years, Libya has seen two general elections, an aborted coup d’etat, the arrival of the Islamic State group (IS) and low-intensity ethnic conflicts. The decaying situation is such that more and more Libyans are calling for a return of the Jamahiriya (“state of the masses”), implemented by Muammar Gaddafi.

“We want to liberate the Jamahiriya, which was the victim of a coup d’etat led by NATO”, Franck Pucciarelli told the Middle East Eye. The Frenchman, who lives in Tunisia, is the spokesman for a group of partisans of the Libyan and international revolutionary groups, who act as the transmission belt for the Gaddafi ideology. He explained that members have been working since 2012 from outside the country.

The organisation reportedly has some 20,000 members in Libya and 15,000 to 20,000 exiled former soldiers are prepared to return. “We are able to organise a popular uprising and if Libya falls into chaos, it is thanks to our actions,” states the spokesman.

Ahmed, a former director at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs today living in Tunisia, is more measured. “We have made the most of the instability to return, but are not responsible for anything, he told MEE. The Libyan people and international community have simply realised that Libya can only be governed under the Jamahiriya”.
The three types of Gaddafi loyalists

The two men do, however, agree on the political organisation of the country after regaining power. The idea is to hold a referendum – or rather a plebiscite – on the return of the Jamahiriya with the presence of the international community to supervise the vote. It would be a relatively modernised state of the masses, with a senate representing the tribes, a lower house and above all a constitution –which were lacking under Mouammar Gaddafi.

It is a scenario which causes Rachid Kechana, director of the North African Study Centre on Libya, to smile. He accepts that there is a sustainable renewal of the green ideology (the colour of the Jamahiriya). “The return to grace of the former regime can above all be understood by the failure of the post-revolutionary transition. And the Gaddafi ideologies are based on this failure to return to the forefront of the political scene, and not a genuine popular acceptance. The Gaddafi loyalists will never return to power, but they will have some importance, through strategic alliances in the future Libya.” middleeasteye.net

Note source is Qatari – Pro Muslim Brotherhood/Misrata – applauds the murder of supporters of the Jamahiriya – “The most revolutionary militia in Tripoli (Muslim Brotherhood & al-Qaeda alliance – Libya Dawn) has understood the potential danger of such a rampant nostalgia to develop. In June, they assassinated 12 loyalists in Tripoli from the Jamahiriya who had just completed their prison sentences for crimes committed in 2011.”

Libya ~ Caravan pro-Gaddafi in Benghazi ~ July 6, 2016

East Libyan factions see possible boost in Trump victory

Assange: Clinton’s war in Libya caused the migrant crisis

International Criminal Court aims to make Libya a priority for next year, says Prosecutor

Libya chaos continues, PM’s resignation reported as official

In a not wholly unexpected twist to Prime Minister Abdullah Al-Thinni’s surprise resignation on TV last night, the government spokesman that it was simply an offer to resign.

Hatem Oraibi said there had been no official resignation. All that had happened is that, while defending his position in tough questioning from interviewer Mohamed Zeidan of Libya’s Channel TV, Thinni had said that he could resign and that Libyans could find someone else who had a magic wand to solve all their problems.

Thinni had threatened to resign before and has told several people in private that he is exhausted with the job. libyaherald.com

Libya’s prime minister says he will step down – aljazeera

Libya Prime Minister Abdullah al-Thinni resigns – 29 August 2014 – BBC

Qatar ambassador returns to Egypt after rift over Libya

Qatar returned its ambassador to Cairo on Tuesday, almost a month after recalling him in response to an Egyptian official accusing the tiny Gulf nation of supporting terrorism.

The ambassador was summoned home for consultation after Egypt carried out airstrikes in Libya in February in response to the beheading of 21 captive Egyptian Christians by an Islamic State affiliate there.

Qatar protested Egypt’s “unilateral” airstrikes, while Egypt’s delegate to the Arab League accused Doha of supporting terrorism.

Now, Egypt and Qatar both back the Saudi-led airstrikes against Shiite rebels in Yemen, which began last week.

The ambassador resumed his work Tuesday, after returning to Egypt with the emir of Qatar to attend an Arab League summit last weekend that endorsed the Saudi-led strikes.

Cairo and Doha have been at odds since the Egyptian military overthrew Islamist President Mohammed Morsi following mass protests against him. Qatar was a strong backer of Morsi and protested his ouster.

The military-backed government that succeeded Morsi withdrew Egypt’s envoy from Doha in January 2014, accusing Qatar of meddling, and of using the Qatar-based Al-Jazeera satellite TV network to stir chaos. nzherald.co.nz

Libya’s Tripoli-based parliament sacks prime minister

US releases military aid to Egypt, cites national security

Libya supreme court ‘invalidates’ elected parliament

The Supreme Court has issued an unexpected judgement in the dispute over the constitutionality of the House of Representatives. It has decided that proceedings of the General National Congress’ so-called February Committee, which created the GNC’s replacement, the House of Representatives, were unconstitutional. Therefore this summer’s election and the representatives chosen to form the new parliament, were invalid.

It had been expected that the court would be ruling on the technical issue of the hand-over of power. Libya Dawn opponents of the HoR have argued that because the newly-elected legislators did not come to Tripoli for a formal ceremony marking the official transfer of authority from the old parliament to the new, they had never formally assumed power. libyaherald.com

‘UK responsible for current insecurity in Libya’

Libya’s elected parliament aims to move to Benghazi

Libya’s elected parliament, marooned in a remote eastern town since an armed faction’s seizure of the capital Tripoli, aims to relocate to its second city Benghazi soon once army units restore security there, its deputy speaker said on Tuesday.

Assembly members have been working and living in a hotel in Tobruk since August when the Islamist-leaning Misrata militia took Tripoli, effectively splitting Libya three years after the fall of Muammar Gaddafi.

Internationally recognised Prime Minister Abdullah al-Thinni was forced to move to another far-eastern town, Bayda, while the new powers-that-be in Tripoli have reinstated Libya’s country’s previous parliament and set up a rival government.

Diplomats and analysts say Libya is at risk of unravelling as a viable state, although the OPEC member continues to produce and export oil wealth despite the political disorder.

Deputy speaker Emhemed Shoaib said the House of Representatives now aims to move to Benghazi to regain some sense of normality, citing progress government forces have made progress towards ousting Islamist militants who had previously roamed the major port in eastern Libya unchallenged.

Fighting continued in several districts of Benghazi, which is around 1,000 km (625 miles) east of Tripoli, on Tuesday with authorities closing its seaport due to clashes close by, a port official said on Tuesday.

“We plan to move there soon, maybe in one or two weeks,” Shoaib told Reuters by phone from Tobruk. “We need to speak to the army about the security situation.”

Benghazi was where mass protests against Gaddafi erupted in 2011 and escalated into an armed revolt that toppled him.

Shoaib also said the House of Representatives was keen to resume talks sponsored by the United Nations to end Libya’s division. In September, U.N. officials launched a first round in the southern city of Ghadames bringing together parliament and members from Misrata who had boycotted the sessions. reuters.com

Britain, France, U.S. ask UN to blacklist Libya’s Ansar al-Sharia

Libya closes Benghazi port amid fighting with militants

Libya: “Gov” allies with CIA asset; East allies with ISIL

Libya’s beleaguered elected parliament has declared a formal alliance with a renegade former general, as it struggles to assert some authority in a country many fear is sliding into outright civil war.

Three years after the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi, the oil-producing desert state is in chaos, with Islamists and other militias fighting for territory and influence and the regular armed forces reduced to near-impotence.

One faction has seized Tripoli, setting up its own assembly and administration in the capital and forcing the internationally-recognised government to take refuge in the east of the country.

Khalifa Haftar, a former general under Gaddafi, is one of dozens of commanders of irregular forces calling the shots in the country. Last week, his forces launched a new offensive against Islamist militias in the eastern city of Benghazi.

The House of Representatives, Libya’s elected parliament which has relocated to Tobruk in the far east, has endorsed Haftar’s Operation Dignity against Islamists, giving him an official role, parliament spokesman Farraj Hashem said.

“Operation Dignity is leading officers and soldiers of the Libyan army … Operation Dignity is an operation of the Libyan army,” he said late on Sunday.

The move appears in contradiction to past calls from the House of Representatives for all militias to be disarmed to help restore order and rebuild the state.

The decision to endorse Haftar might also worsen a conflict between the House of Representatives, allied to the internationally-recognised government of Prime Minister Abdullah al-Thinni, and the new rulers of Tripoli.

Both recognised bodies have been based in eastern Libya since an armed group from the western city of Misrata seized Tripoli in August and set up its own assembly and government there.

The Misrata faction has denounced Haftar as a Gaddafi loyalist who is trying to stage a counterrevolution with other officials of the former regime. Haftar helped Gaddafi seize power in 1969 but fell out with the former strongman in the 1980s. reuters.com

Libya: From Africa’s Richest State Under Gaddafi, to Failed State After NATO Intervention

Groups Pledge Allegiance to ISIS in Eastern Libya

Benghazi suspect Ahmed Abu Khatallah pleads not guilty to 17 new charges

Live Chat

Join the Live Chat